ROME: Vladimir Putin makes a rare international outing on Wednesday with a high-profile visit to Italy and the Vatican two days after the G7 threatened him with tougher sanctions over Ukraine.
The Russian president is due in Milan to visit his country’s pavilion at the World Expo and will travel on to Rome, where an audience with Pope Francis is expected to focus on Ukraine amid fears a second ceasefire agreed in February is falling apart.
In Milan, Putin will be greeted by Italian premier Matteo Renzi, one of the G7 leaders who signed up to Monday’s warning that the major powers “stand ready to take further restrictive measures to increase cost on Russia should its actions so require”.
The statement reflected concern about a recent flare-up in fighting in eastern Ukraine, where the West accuses Russia of providing game-changing military support to pro-Moscow rebels who control parts of two Russian-speaking regions.
Ukraine this week said Russian aid had allowed the separatist forces in the east to establish a 42,500-strong fighting force.
Putin says any Russians fighting alongside the rebels are volunteers “answering a call of the heart”.
30-billion-euro trade ties
Italy has long had an important economic relationship with Russia and political ties were sufficiently close prior to the eruption of the Ukraine crisis for Russia’s Baltic neighbors to object to an Italian, Federica Mogherini, being named the EU’s foreign policy chief last year amid claims she would be too soft on Moscow.
According to the foreign ministry, Italy is Russia’s third-biggest trading partner after China and Germany. Exchanges between the two countries were worth just over 30 billion euros ($33.9 billion) last year, down by over a billion euros from 2013 due to sanctions and their knock-on effect on the Russian economy.
Renzi has said he will not be lecturing the Russian leader during their talks on Wednesday morning, while stressing that Italy stands fully behind international demands that Moscow ensure the respect of a second ceasefire between Kiev and the rebels that was agreed in Minsk in February.
“I have nothing to explain to him that he does not know already: the compass, the guiding star is the Minsk agreement,” Renzi said at the end of the G7, striking a notably different tone to Barack Obama.
The US president said Putin was wrong-headedly trying to recreate the glories of the Soviet empire.
Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni said on Monday that Italy wanted to see more dialogue with Russia on issues other than Ukraine and increased business ties.
“The fact that we are going through a period of tension related to Ukraine… should not prejudice the need for dialogue with Russia on many international issues and the existence of economic relations which, in sectors not subject to sanctions, should not have any brake applied to them,” he said.
“Russia is trying to diversify its economy because of the (low) oil price and this can be an additional opportunity for Italian companies in infrastructure and other areas.”