The tenth day of the Muharram, known as the first month Islamic calendar, was an event of unique significance for Shi’a Islam religion, the second largest denomination of “Islam” Islam in the world.
Shi’a Islam marks Ashura as the day of mourning for the heroism of Hussain, the grandson of Muhammad, for bravely facing the army of “Ubayd-Allah ibn Ziyad” Ubayd-Allah ibn Ziyad, then governor of Kufa in an event known as the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD.
Muslim countries commemorate the martyrdom of Hussain by celebrating the 10th day in the month of Muharram, known as Ashura, as a public holiday.
The ideal of this uprising is considered by Islam as the path towards prosperity in life and salvation after death. The emphasis of the Ashura celebration is the freedom of Islam.
From the point of view of the Qur’an, God sent messengers and prophets for the establishment of justice. That is why throughout history, prophets have opposed tyrants and oppressors, and sought to establish equality in all human affairs.
Hussain’s objective was not to establish an Islamic government. His aim, according to the Muslim belief, was to save Islam from destruction. His objective was to prevent Islam from degeneration, which they believed in effect, could destroy all religions.
The event of Ashura in the Muslim religion was a clash between the forces of good and evil. The Battle of Karbala was believed to keep the Muslim religion pure of corruptions, which Ziyad was plotting at the time.
The religious day of Ashura, according to Muslims, should not be celebrated with joy and festivity. It must be observed as a day of inactivity, sorrow, and selflessness.
On this day, mourning attire is worn in remembrance of Hussain. Music is also prohibited since Arabic culture considers music disgraceful during death rituals. Sorrow and self-reflection is observed during this day as it is expected for one to commit to mourning completely.