Russian and Japanese diplomats held talks on Monday in Moscow in a bid to restart stalled negotiations over a territorial row that has kept the two neighbors from signing a World War 2 peace treaty and rejuvenating economic ties.
The talks between Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Igor Morgulov and his Japanese counterpart Singuke Sugiyama follow an April trip to Moscow by Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
The first high-level visit by a Japanese premier in a decade ended with Abe and President Vladimir Putin agreeing to try and find a solution to the status of the Kuril Islands—claimed by Tokyo despite being taken by the Soviet Red Army in 1945.
“As our leaders agreed, we are assuming the discussion of the main parameters and modalities for upcoming peace agreement negotiations,” Russian news agencies quoted Morgulov as saying at the start of the meeting.
“We hope to move our joint work forward for the purpose of. . .developing our partnership in the most varied fields.”
Siguyama replied that he hoped to “speed up the search for mutually-acceptable solutions.”
“There is a feeling that we are close friends,” Russia’s state-run RIA Novosti news agency quoted Japan’s vice minister for foreign affairs as saying.
“It would be good if we could conduct these consultations while sharing this new sentiment in our relations,” Siguyama said. It is not clear when full peace negotiations might start.
Relations between Moscow and Tokyo have been strained for decades because of the status of four tiny Pacific islands known as the Southern Kurils in Russia and the Northern Territories in Japan.
The Soviets claimed the Kuril chain that extends from Russia’s Kamchatka peninsula south to the tip of Japan in the dying days of World War 2 as Joseph Stalin pushed his counter-offensive on Tokyo.
The region’s status as a symbol of Moscow’s continued desire for post-Soviet influence was underscored in 2010 by a highly-controversial 2010 visit to one of the contested Kuril Islands by then-president Dmitry Medvedev.
But some analysts believe that Abe—who has experienced tensions with both China and South Korea—is seeking to help break the chill in relations with Russia.
Japan is particularly interested in increasing its import of Russian energy as it seeks to diversify supplies in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011.
Moscow’s trade with Tokyo reached $32 billion (24 billion euros) last year. But Russia—despite its size and proximity—was only Japan’s 15th most important trading partner. AFP