KOSTYANTYNIVKA, Ukraine: Moscow has assured Washington it will not invade Ukraine, the US Defense Department said after the United States and Europe imposed fresh sanctions on Russia over its role in the former Soviet republic.
As Western powers stepped up the pressure on Moscow over the worst East-West crisis since the Cold War, the White House on Monday slapped sanctions on seven Russian officials and 17 firms close to President Vladimir Putin.
The European Union said it was adding 15 names to its own list while Canada added nine names and two banks.
Tensions on the ground in Ukraine spiked when a pro-Moscow mayor was shot and badly wounded, and rebels seized another town.
The Pentagon said that Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel had spoken by phone with his Russian counterpart Sergei Shoigu and that “Shoigu reiterated his assurance that Russian forces would not invade Ukraine.”
Defense Department spokesman Rear Admiral John Kirby, in a statement, said the two men discussed a range of issues related to the situation in Ukraine, with Hagel requesting clarification of Russia’s intentions in eastern Ukraine.
Hagel urged an end to Russia’s “destabilizing influence inside Ukraine and warned that continued aggression would further isolate Russia and result in more diplomatic and economic pressure,” Kirby said.
The Pentagon chief also asked for Moscow’s help in securing the release of seven inspectors from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe being held in eastern Ukraine.
Moscow said that during the phone call with Hagel, Shoigu called on the United States to tone down its rhetoric on the Ukraine crisis.
The Kremlin vowed there would be a “painful” response for Washington to the sanctions imposed.
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov told the Interfax news agency that Moscow was “disgusted” by the US action, which he said showed Washington had “completely lost touch with reality.”
Returned to barracks
The United States said it was prepared to “impose still greater costs” on Russia for what it called its “illegal intervention and provocative actions” in Ukraine.
Washington warned it would target specific sectors of the Russian economy if the tens of thousands of troops the Kremlin has ordered to the border invade Ukraine.
Western powers have expressed fears that Russia could be planning an invasion of eastern Ukraine.
Earlier this month, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization released satellite pictures of up to 40,000 Russian troops massed along the Ukraine border that it said were ready for action and represented a “real threat” to Kiev.
Shoigu assured Hagel that Russian troops had returned to their barracks.
“Russia was forced to launch large-scale exercises near the border with Ukraine, facing the prospect of [Ukrainian] military action against civilians,” Shoigu said, according to a Russian defense ministry statement.
“Once the Ukrainian authorities declared that they would not use regular military units against the unarmed population, the Russian troops returned to barracks,” it added.
Among those targeted by the new sanctions are close Putin ally Igor Sechin, president and chairman of the board at Rosneft, Russia’s top petroleum company and one of the world’s largest publicly traded oil companies.
Washington is also tightening licensing requirements for certain high-tech exports to Russia that could have a military use.
The Western sanctions are a response to Russia’s perceived failure to implement an April 17 deal struck in Geneva to defuse the crisis.
British Foreign Secretary William Hague, who plans to visit Ukraine as well as Moldova and Georgia next week, put the blame for the faltering Geneva deal squarely on the Kremlin.
“Russia has so far failed to implement any part of the Geneva agreement,” said Hague.