JUBA: South Sudanese rebels and government troops battled on Monday, breaking a fresh ceasefire deal and dashing hopes to a swift end to five months of brutal civil war. Fighting raged in the oil-producing state of Upper Nile, Defense Minister Kuol Manyang told Agence France-Presse, adding that government troops had been ordered “not to go and attack, but only to fight in self defense.” Since President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar signed a deal Friday to halt fighting, both sides have accused each other of launching ground attacks and artillery barrages against each other. Machar was “not in control of his forces” and heavily armed militia troops known as the White Army—who smear themselves in wood ash to ward off mosquitoes and as war-paint—had attacked government troops, Manyang said.



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