BEIRUT: Syria’s army entered the ancient city of Palmyra late Wednesday after fierce battles against the Islamic State jihadist group, a monitor said.
“The army has entered a western neighborhood of Palmyra and has seized control of part of it,” Rami Abdel Rahman, head of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, told AFP.
“There are clashes and heavy shelling” across the historic city, said the monitoring group’s chief.
Abdel Rahman said earlier that Syrian forces, backed by Russian soldiers, had captured a string of hilltops overlooking Palmyra, bringing them within firing range of its western half.
“They are close to capturing the citadel. IS withdrew from it, but they may have left suicide bombers inside,” he said.
Supported by Russian air strikes and ground troops, government forces have been battling for weeks through the desert in the central province of Homs to reach Palmyra.
IS jihadists first seized Palmyra in May 2015 and began to systematically destroy the city’s monuments and temples, while also looting its many archeological treasures.
They were driven out in March 2016 but recaptured the town last December.
Syrian state media confirmed Wednesday that government forces were now in control of key territory around Palmyra.
“Seizing control of Mount Hilal and other hilltops overlooking Palmyra is an important step towards the collapse of the terrorist groups in the city,” state news agency SANA said.
And a senior military source in Damascus told AFP earlier on Wednesday that the army had also reached a strategic crossroads leading into Palmyra.
“This crossroads is the key to entering the city,” the source told AFP.
IS has ravaged the city’s celebrated heritage, blowing up funerary towers and carrying out mass executions in the city’s Roman theatre.
Last month, IS destroyed Palmyra’s tetrapylon monument, while satellite images showed damage to the theatre’s facade.
The new destruction was condemned by the United Nations as a “war crime.”
On Wednesday, two funeral busts damaged by IS after it first captured Palmyra were brought back to Syria after being restored in Italy.
The two busts, recovered by Syrian troops, had been badly disfigured with what appeared to be hammer blows.
Modern technology including, a 3-D printer, was used in the restoration of the busts which date to the second and third centuries and had been transferred to Rome via Lebanon.