The Thailand Development Research Institute (TDRI) is warning auto parts supply chain players to prepare for the transition to next-generation cars, saying some components will no longer be necessary for electric vehicles (EVs).
Exhaust pipes and engines, for example, are installed in cars with internal combustion engines but are not needed in EVs.
TDRI Research Director Kirida Bhaopichitr said manufacturers need to adjust going forward. In particular, Tier 2 and Tier 3 manufacturers ares expected to be affected.
“The industry will gradually change 10 years from now and some companies will not survive,” Kirida said. “But the supply chain for automakers or the Tier 1 level can withstand the transition because they will develop new technology in line with the industry.”
She said Toyota’s suppliers in Thailand are preparing new components for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Toyota was granted Board of Investment privileges for the EV scheme last year.
Toyota plans to assemble 7,000 HEVs a year and make 70,000 batteries for EVs, as well as other parts such as doors, bumpers and axles, totalling 9.1 million units.
The government’s drive towards next-generation cars will also affect the automotive industry, Kirida said.
The EV project was approved last March, covering the new production of HEVs, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery electric vehicles (BEVs).
Honda and Mazda also announced a joint effort to make HEVs, while Mercedes-Benz and BMW plan to increase PHEV assembly capacity in Thailand.
A source from the automotive research house said two Japanese firms – Nissan and Suzuki – are expected to join the HEV scheme.
Kirida said EVs fall under the 10 targeted S-curve industries in the government’s Eastern Economic Corridor (EEC) project.
She said the EEC is expected to be one of the main economic engines driving Thailand’s economy over the next seven to 10 years.
“After the Eastern Seaboard Development Program was kicked off in 1982, Thailand did not initiate any new [megaprojects],” Kirida said. “That led to a decline in private sector investment in subsequent years.”
“Private sector investment accounted for roughly 15 percent of the country’s GDP [gross domestic product], but the Thai economy is relying mainly on exports [60 to 65 percent of GDP] and tourism [20 percent],” she added.
Kirida said Thailand’s EEC project will see competition from China, which is upgrading its production capacity through the Made in China 2025 program.
China’s policy is focused on building domestic firms in high-tech industries that are globally competitive and similar to the EEC’s targeted industries.
China was the top car producer with 28.1 million units in 2016, while Thailand ranked 12th with 1.94 million cars.