17 September 1947. Carlos P. Romulo, Ambassador of the Philippines to the United Nations, recommends to the UN General Assembly to adopt the terms of reference to define the conduct of democratic elections in Korea. The proposal led to the organization of the UN Commission on Korea (UNCOK), of which the Philippines is a member. UNCOK oversees the national general election in South Korea on 10 May 1948 that led directly to the creation of the Republic of Korea. Syngman Rhee was elected President of the new state.
3 March 1949. The Republic of the Philippines and the Republic of Korea establish diplomatic relations. The Philippines is the first Asian state to open diplomatic ties with South Korea, and the fifth state in the world to do so.
25 June 1950. The Republic of Korea (South Korea) is attacked without warning by the communist Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK or North Korea), igniting the Korean War. The North’s aim was to conquer South Korea and expand communist hegemony over the entire Korean peninsula. The North received military and financial support from the communist Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the People’s Republic of China.
27 June 1950. The United Nations passes Security Council Resolution 83 that effectively places the UN at war with North Korea.
30 June 1950. The United States enters the Korean War.
10 July 1950. The UN Security Council creates the UN Command to take overall command of all UN combat forces in Korea and appointed Gen. Douglas MacArthur as commander-in-chief of the UNC.
7 August 1950. President Elpidio Quirino announces the momentous decision to send Filipino combat troops to the Korean War. This move is the Philippines’ answer to the call of the UN for armed assistance in thwarting communist North Korea’s invasion of South Korea.
10 August 1950. The Senate of the Philippines passes Concurrent Resolution 16 urging the Quirino government to render every possible assistance to UN forces in Korea. The resolution also asks the government to mobilize Filipinos.
25 August 1950. “The Philippine Military Aid to the UN Act” or Republic Act (RA) 573 is passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives. The law makes possible the deployment of Filipino combat troops to fight in the defense of South Korea as part of the UNC. RA 573 was signed into law on September 7.
19 September 1950. The Philippines’ 10th Battalion Combat Team (BCT) arrives at Korea after a four-day voyage by sea. It is the first of five BCTs collectively called the Philippine Expeditionary Force to Korea (Peftok) that will serve in Korea until 1955. The Philippines is the first Asian country and the third member-state of the UN to send combat troops to the Korean War.
11 November 1950. The 10th BCT defeats two battalions of the North Korean People’s Army (NKPA) at the towns of Miudong and Singye in North Korea. The Battle of Miudong is the first battle won by the Philippines on foreign soil.
26 November 1950. China enters the Korean War. Its “Chinese People’s Volunteer Army” (CPV) attacks UNC positions in North Korea.
22 January 1951. In his Third State of the Nation address, President Elpidio Quirino said the Philippines was affirming its commitment to democracy with its involvement in the Korean War.
23 April 1951. Massively outnumbered, the 10th BCT with only 900 men withstands the night attack of an entire Chinese army of 40,000 men at the Battle of Yuldong in North Korea. This great Filipino victory helps deny the communists the decisive victory that would have ended the Korean War with their complete conquest of South Korea and the destruction of the UNC.
21 May 1952. The 20th BCT seizes Hill Eerie, a strategic observation post that proves invaluable to PEFTOK in the coming battles against the CPV. One of the many assaults on this bloody hill was led by 1st Lt. Fidel Ramos.
21 June 1952. The 19th BCT emerges victorious after a fierce four-day battle to defend Hill 191 and Hill Eerie. This gory “Battle for Combat Outpost No. 8” inflicts heavy losses on the Chinese. Triumphant Filipinos plant the Philippine flag on the summit of Hill 191 to proclaim their victory over the Chinese.
15 June 1953. The “Battle of Christmas Hill” ends in victory for the 14th BCT. It is one of the last battles and UNC victories in the Korean War.
27 July 1953. The Armistice ending fighting in the Korean War goes into effect. The 14th BCT reverts to peacekeeping and reconstruction work in its area of operations.
6 June 1955. The last PEFTOK men belonging to the 2nd BCT return to the Philippines. The PEFTOK colors are furled for the final time.