Deaths rise to 329
Philippine troops pounded Islamist militants holding parts of southern Marawi city with air strikes and artillery on Saturday as more soldiers were deployed and the death toll rose to more than 300 after nearly a month of fighting.
Fires erupted and dark plumes of smoke rose from enclaves still occupied by the militants as the air force staged bombing runs to support ground troops struggling to dislodge the fighters from entrenched positions, Agence France Presse journalists at the scene said.
MG520 attack helicopters and FA50 fighter jets were used in the raids, while sustained bursts of automatic gunfire could be heard in the distance, indicating the intensity of the fighting.
President Rodrigo Duterte, appearing in public for the first time in nearly a week, said the presence of foreign fighters from the Islamic State (IS) group among the militants in Marawi have made the fighting more difficult.
“You have a conglomeration there of ISIS fighters from Syria, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lankan and Arabs,” he told soldiers during a visit to a military camp in Butuan city, northeast of Marawi, in the southern region of Mindanao.
“We have to use the air assets because we are up against fighters from the Middle East and they have learned the art of brutal killing—they will burn you, behead you,” he said.
Also on Saturday, 400 fresh troops were airlifted to Marawi from the central Philippines, ANC television said quoting military officials.
Television footage showed the soldiers bidding goodbye to their families before being flown to the conflict zone.
Hundreds of militants—supported by foreign fighters—rampaged through Marawi, the largely Christian Philippines’ most important Muslim city, on May 23 waving black flags of the Islamic State (IS) group.
Duterte declared martial law in Mindanao to counter the attack, which he said was part of a plan by IS to establish a base in the country.
Such a base could be crucial for IS’ ambitions to establish a caliphate in Southeast Asia, analysts say.
The military has said at least eight foreign fighters from Chechnya, Yemen, Malaysia and Indonesia were among the militants killed in the Marawi fighting.
Hundreds of thousands displaced
The overall death toll rose to 329 with 310—225 militants, 59 soldiers and 26 civilian—killed in the conflict, according to government figures.
The 19 other deaths came from those displaced by the fighting, said Mujiv Hataman, the governor of a Muslim autonomous region in the south.
Hataman said the deaths among the evacuees were caused by severe dehydration.
More than 309,000 people have been displaced in Marawi and nearby areas, the government said. Many have fled to the homes of friends and relatives and others are in evacuation centers.
“Our forces are moving towards the heart of the enemy,” regional military spokesman Jo-ar Herrera told reporters in Marawi on Saturday, referring to the heavy fighting under urban conditions.
“It’s the center of gravity. This is where the location of their command and control, the leadership of the enemy.”
Ground commanders estimate “more than 100” militants are still holding out in at least four villages in Marawi, military spokesman Brigadier General Restituto Padilla said in Manila.
But he said the figures were based on estimates a few days ago “so this number could have dropped significantly.”
Padilla said the military will no longer give any self-imposed deadlines on when the militants would be driven out after failing to meet previous ones they had set.
“We are trying our best to expedite [driving them out]without unduly compromising the lives of our soldiers and at the same time the remaining civilians there,” he said.
Davao Gulf watch
Security forces at the Davao Gulf were alerted to prevent members of the Islamic State-linked Maute group from entering Eastern Mindanao by sea, the Philippine Navy said on Saturday.
In an interview, Lt. James Reyes, public affairs chief for the Naval Forces Eastern Mindanao (NFEM), said navy vessels took over from the Philippine Coast Guard and were ordered to randomly check civilian boats and ships, especially those coming from Marawi City and neighboring areas.
“All the in-and-out boats, we check it randomly. Especially those registered as fishing boats boarding so many persons, that is really suspicious,” Reyes said.
“If we see something suspicious, even if they are riding jet skis or yachts, we will surely check that,” he added.
Mindanao was placed under martial law on May 23 following the attack on Marawi City by the Maute terrorists.
Reyes said patrol boats and gunboats have been placed along “strategic areas.”
So far there has been no attempt by terror suspects to enter the jurisdiction of the NFEM, which is headquartered in Davao City, through the sea route.
“We are not removing this kind of possibility that is why we heightened our maritime patrols,” said Reyes.
Earlier, Brig. Gen. Gilbert Gapay, martial law spokesman for Eastern Mindanao, said boats sailing in the Davao Gulf were being profiled and registered to prevent terrorists from entering the area.
This came after reports that some members of the Maute group who attacked Marawi City last month have begun fleeing to Eastern Mindanao.
Security forces were also mobilized to prevent any “spillover” from Marawi City and protect Eastern Mindanao from terrorists.
Eight supporters and members of the Maute have been arrested by the army and the police, Gapay noted.