Tuason shielding Enrile – Miriam


SEN. Miriam Defensor-Santiago accused Ruby Tuason of “covering up” for Sen. Juan Ponce Enrile so that only his former chief of staff, Gigi Reyes, would be pinned down for taking pork barrel commissions.

Santiago still believes Enrile can be charged since Tuason’s admission that the senator would sit down with them is enough proof of a conspiracy and proves Enrile’s guilt “to a moral certainty.”

“It is now obvious that Tuason was covering up for Enrile, so that the entire criminal liability for plunder could be shifted to Reyes alone. That is devious of Tuason, and heartless of Enrile. He is ready to sacrifice Reyes to save himself,” Santiago said in a statement issued on Saturday.

The senator, a former trial court judge, said she purposely did not interrogate Tuason when Tuason appeared before the Senate blue ribbon committee on Thursday because she did not want her to know that she had just revealed important testimony crucial to Enrile’s conviction.

“On television and in novels, the hero always makes a big fuss when he scores a point during cross-examination. In reality, the trial lawyer prefers to accept the testimony without fuss, so that the witness will not be able to change the damaging testimony in the course of the cross-examination. Then the lawyer pounces on it by emphasizing the damaging testimony only when he submits his final memorandum to the judge,” Santiago said.

“I was confident that Tuason had already violated the rules on conspiracy under the Penal Code. I pointed this out at my press conference later,” she added.

She said it is a settled rule that “it is not indispensable that a co-conspirator should take a direct hand in the commission of a felony” as she cited the 1993 case of People v. Camaddo.

“Even assuming for the sake of argument that Enrile was just sitting or drinking coffee or smiling fatuitously, his mere presence is sufficient to convince the court to a moral certainty that he was the mastermind pulling the strings of Reyes, so that they could profit from the illicit scam,” Santiago said.

In her affidavit, Tuason said she never directly transacted business with Enrile, and that it was always Reyes who received the commissions from projects funded by the senator’s Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF).

“Enrile would join us, when we are almost done, for a cup of coffee. . . .He did not stay long. After coffee, he would leave and sometimes he would come to pick up Atty. Gigi Reyes,” Tuason said.

Santiago said although Tuason stood pat on her testimony that Enrile did not say anything during those meetings, his presence is enough to pin down Enrile under the principle of conspiracy in criminal law.

Under the Penal Code, “a conspiracy exists when two or more persons come to an agreement concerning the commission of a felony and decide to commit it.”

Santiago said the law merely requires the accused to perform an overt act in pursuance of the conspiracy.

She quoted the 1996 case of Pecho v. People, where the Supreme Court ruled: “Such an overt act may consist of active participation in the actual commission of the crime itself, or of moral assistance to his co-conspirators by being present at the time of the commission of the crime or by exerting moral ascendancy over the other co-conspirators by moving them to execute or implement the conspiracy.”

Santiago said even if Tuason said Enrile did not say damning, the mere fact that he sat at a table with Tuason and Reyes is sufficient proof that he approved of their illicit transactions.

“In the first place, why would a senator go out of his way to pick up his chief of staff? It is widely known that Enrile kept Reyes as his concubine. Why would he pick up his concubine when she was dealing with a conduit for illegal pork barrel releases? Human experience teaches that there was no reason for Enrile to be present, unless it was to assure Tuason that he approved of the illegal transaction, and that he authorized his chief of staff to act on his behalf,” Santiago said.

In a press briefing after Tuason’s Senate testimony, Santiago told the media: “If we follow Tuason’s line of reasoning that Enrile did not say anything, still we cannot accept Tuason’s theory that Enrile was blameless. If he did not say anything in favor of the illicit transaction, then by the same line of reasoning, Enrile should have said something against the transaction. If he disapproved, he should have remonstrated against his subordinate and even slap her silly for dragging his name. But he did not, proving he is guilty by conspiracy.”


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  1. Eduardo Claravall on

    There should be a law that would mandate the courts to fast track and give priority to corruption cases that involve public officials. As what the public perceives now, these cases will linger in the courts for a long time which could give the suspects enough time to remove or dilute evidences that could lead to their exoneration. Justice delayed is really justice denied.

  2. A soldier is better lawyer than senators who claimed to be a lawyer who don’t know how to question a witness. They just presumed that all Tuazon claims are true. Ang masaklap, Bili pa rin ng mamamayan ang drama ni Miriam, guingona etc.

  3. First of all i have no sympathy for reyes, she like tuason fled the country so as not to face justice. She deserves what she gets. Now surely if tuason knows about enrile & it can be proved that she knew he was involved then wouldnt that remove her from being a state witness as dont they have to tell everything they know. They arnt allowed to withhold any information. It also makes me laugh when tuason gave her reasons for coming forward, that she felt guilty, what a liar, the only reason she has spoke up is because she knows if she is accepted as a state witness she wont go to prison. If the pork barrel scam hadnt come out in the open she would still be living the high life enjoying her ill gotten gains. I dont respect her for speaking up, im glad she has but i would not grant her immunity from prosecution, yes give her a lighter sentance say 10 years. She fully knew what she was doing & was happy in doing it as it gave her a brilliant lifestyle, she was religious in those days but it didnt stop her lying & stealing the countries money.

  4. this is smart thinking for Sen Santiago and it is very possible. I think the government should charge Enrile and Revilla. no one should be above and spared by this. this kind of corruption is a crime against the people and no one should be spared including Tuason if she lie under oath. all suspects including Tuason should be subjected to a lie detector test.

  5. Going by Santiago’s statements, if I came to sit innocently at a table occupied by a good friend on several occasions while they are concluding some unlawful acts and even if no discussion or mention of anything that my friends are doing, I would then be a conspirator and be presumed to be involved in their unlawful actions?

    Santiago has been so good in trying to manipulate jurisprudence just to pin down her sworn enemy in Enrile!

  6. Trillanes has the same opinion. Tuason only focused on Jinggoy. What about Bong Revilla who’s very quiet these days? He got the most.

  7. Miriam behavior shows a lack of fairness and how a lousy trial judge she must have been. everyone in congress, the senators included, knew about the pork barrel scam yet they kept silent about it. for Miriam to say that enrile is guilty for keeping silent while a crime was being committed makes her just as guilty for not condemning the ongoing scam.