US alarmed as Turkey warns Syrian Kurd militia


ISTANBUL: Turkey warned on Monday it would carry out more strikes on a US-backed Kurdish militia in Syria if it fails to retreat, as Washington said President Barack Obama will meet his Turkish counterpart over the weekend.

Turkish forces pressed on with a two-pronged operation inside Syria against Islamic State (IS) jihadists and the Syrian Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG), shelling over a dozen targets.

The strikes against the YPG are hugely sensitive as the outfit — seen as a terror group by Ankara — is allied with Turkey’s NATO partner the United States in the fight against IS in Syria.

Ankara has said it killed 25 Kurdish “terrorists” in strikes on YPG positions on Sunday — meaning the two US-backed partner forces are now fighting each other.

Pentagon spokesman Peter Cook said the clashes were “unacceptable and a source of deep concern.”

He called for steps to de-escalate the situation and said Washington had once again told the YPG to retreat east of the Euphrates. This has “largely occurred,” he added.

US Defense Secretary Ashton Carter later said he had appealed to both sides not to fight.

“That’s the basis of our cooperation with both of them — specifically not to engage one another,” Carter said.

Two US defense officials told Agence-France Presse that SDF forces had “all” withdrawn east of the Euphrates, but they said some Kurdish people remained to the west.

Turkey’s operation aims to push the YPG back across the Euphrates to prevent it joining up a region east of the river already under its control with a Kurdish-held area to the west.

‘Ethnic cleansing’
Ankara fears the emergence of an autonomous Kurdish region in Syria would bolster Kurdish rebels across the border in southeastern Turkey.

The situation in northern Syria is yet another complication in the country’s already tangled civil war, and potentially throws a wrench in US plans to defeat the Islamic State group in the region.

US Vice President Joe Biden said last week that Washington had ordered the YPG to retreat or risk losing American support. But Ankara says it had seen no evidence of this.

President Obama will meet his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Sunday in China on the sidelines of the Group of 20 summit, with Syria high on the agenda, top aide Ben Rhodes announced Monday, stressing the need “to stay united.”

It will be the first meeting between the two leaders since a failed coup attempt in Turkey on July 15.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu accused the Kurdish militia of “ethnic cleansing” in the mainly Arab area around the city of Manbij, west of the Euphrates, which the YPG wrested from IS earlier this month.

Turkey considers the YPG an offshoot of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which has waged a deadly insurgency on Turkish territory for over three decades.

On Monday, the Turkish air force launched air strikes on PKK bases in northern Iraq, state media said.

The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 40 civilians were killed in Turkish shelling and air strikes on pro-Kurdish positions in northern Syria on Sunday.

Ankara strongly denies killing any civilians.

The army said 10 more villages had “been cleared of terrorist elements” Monday by Turkish-backed anti-regime Syrian fighters.



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