REDZIKOWO, Poland: The United States and Russia on Friday (Saturday in Manila) accused each other of mounting an aggressive military presence in northern Europe, with Moscow vowing to “end threats” posed by a US missile shield near its border.
The stepped-up war of words came as Poland on Friday broke ground on the northern section of a US missile defense shield launched in Romania a day earlier, which Russia slammed as a serious security threat despite US assurances to the contrary.
Russian President Vladimir Putin on Friday warned Washington that Moscow will consider measures to “end threats” from the US anti-missile systems in Europe but said it would not be engaged in a new arms race.
“Now that these anti-missile elements have been installed, we will be forced to consider putting an end to the threats emerging in relation to Russia’s security,” Putin told defence officials in televised remarks.
US President Barack Obama hit back hours later, warning Russia about its military build-up in northern Europe, as he hosted leaders from five Nordic countries at the White House.
“We are united in our concern about Russia’s growing aggressive military presence and posture in the Baltic-Nordic region,” Obama said.
Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said last week that Moscow will set up three new divisions in the west and south of the country by the end of the year to counter NATO forces close to its border.
Relations between NATO and Moscow have sharply deteriorated since Russia annexed Crimea from Ukraine in March 2014, sparking fears among other eastern European countries that they too could be targets of Russian aggression.
NATO European shield
Located in Redzikowo, northern Poland, and Deveselu in southern Romania, the two US missile interceptor stations are part of NATO’s larger European shield, due to become fully operational by 2018.
US and NATO officials insist the system is intended to counter the threat of short- and medium-range ballistic missiles, particularly from so-called “rogue” states in the Middle East.
But with the Redzikowo station just 250 kilometers (155 miles) from the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad, Moscow views the system as a security threat on its very doorstep.
US Deputy Secretary of Defense Robert Work was on hand Friday for the start of construction on the Aegis Ashore-type missile defense facility in Redzikowo.
It will include 24 land-based SM-3 missiles as well as anti-aircraft systems.
The facility in Poland “is a US contribution to NATO missile defense,” Work said at the ground-breaking ceremonies, adding that “when completed in 2018 it will be capable of defending the central and northern arc of NATO.”
Work also said that “by the (NATO) Warsaw summit in July, we expect alliance leaders to declare initial operational capability for the NATO ballistic missile defense system.”