KIEV: The United States (US) suspended military cooperation with Russia because of its military intervention in Ukraine, as Secretary of State John Kerry prepared to visit Kiev on Tuesday amid a deepening crisis.
“We have, in light of recent events in Ukraine, put on hold all military-to-military engagements between the United States and Russia,” Pentagon spokesman Rear Admiral John Kirby said in a statement Monday.
The suspension of the post-Cold War cooperation covers exercises, bilateral meetings, port visits and planning conferences, Kirby added.
The crisis now threatens to blow up into the biggest test for global diplomacy—and relations between Moscow and the West—since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.
Kirby stressed that the suspended system had been “developed over the past few years to increase transparency, build understanding, and reduce the risk of military miscalculation”.
Both Washington and the European Union said they were looking at a range of sanctions against Russia for its threat to use force against an ex-Soviet neighbor for the first time since a brief 2008 conflict with Georgia.
The West’s warnings to Moscow came shortly after Ukrainian defense officials on the flashpoint Crimean peninsula said Russia had given its forces an ultimatum to surrender or face an all-out assault.
“The ultimatum is to recognize the new Crimean authorities, lay down our weapons and leave, or be ready for an assault,” regional Ukrainian defense ministry spokesman Vladyslav Seleznyov told Agence France-Presse in the Crimean capital Simferopol.
But a spokesman for the Russian Black Sea fleet based in Crimea told the Interfax news agency the claim was “complete nonsense.”
World markets plunged and oil prices spiked on fears of an all-out offensive that would pit nuclear-armed Russia against its Western-backed neighbor.
Kiev’s new Western-leaning leadership is due to receive a morale boost Tuesday when Kerry meets with the new Ukrainian leadership and parliament to “reaffirm the United States’ strong support for Ukrainian sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity,” the US State Department said.
The hastily arranged trip reveals growing alarm at the events in Ukraine.
NATO is also to hold an urgent meeting on Tuesday at Poland’s request, after the neighbor of Ukraine raised concerns about its own security in light of the crisis.
The world’s richest nations have already threatened to strip Moscow of its coveted seat at the Group of Eight industrialized nations for menacing its ex-Soviet neighbor.
But Europe and Washington appear to have limited options in dealing with Putin—a veteran strongman with mass domestic appeal who has cracked down on political freedoms and appears more interested in rebuilding vestiges of the Soviet Union than repairing relations with the West.
“Europe is without doubt in the worst crisis since the fall of the Wall,” said German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier.
US President Barack Obama used some of his strongest language yet on the escalating crisis on the eastern edge of Europe, where three months of protests culminated in a week of carnage that claimed nearly 100 lives and led to the ouster of pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych—now sheltering in Russia.
The US leader said the Kremlin had put itself “on the wrong side of history” by mobilizing forces in Ukraine’s strategic Black Sea peninsula, which has housed the Russian Black Sea Fleet since the 18th century.
“I think the world is largely united in recognizing the steps Russia has taken are a violation of Ukrainian sovereignty . . . a violation of international law,” Obama said.
He added that he had told Russia that it could face isolation unless it changes course.
British Prime Minister David Cameron, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francoise Hollande on Monday also warned of repercussions for Russia over its “completely unacceptable” actions in Ukraine.