CARACAS: Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro admitted before a hostile legislature Friday that the oil-rich nation is mired in a “catastrophic” economic crisis, hours after decreeing a two-month state of emergency.
Maduro’s first state of the nation address before the newly opposition-held National Assembly, which is locked in a bitter power struggle with his administration, came as Venezuela’s central bank released its first economic growth and inflation statistics in more than a year.
The figures show the magnitude of the country’s recession: the economy shrank 4.5 percent in the first nine months of 2015, the central bank said, while inflation for the same period came in at a painful 108.7 percent, fueled by crippling shortages.
“These catastrophic figures (are) the result of an economic situation that in another era of regressive neoliberal and capitalist policies would surely have pushed (the Venezuelan) people into unemployment,” said Maduro.
Earlier, the leftist leader sought to seize the initiative in his standoff with the legislature, decreeing a 60-day state of “economic emergency.”
It gave the administration special temporary powers to boost production and ensure access to key goods, including taking over private companies’ resources, imposing currency controls and “other social, economic or political measures deemed fitting.”
Addressing the legislature, Maduro said the plunge in oil prices over the past year and a half had the country trapped in an “economic storm” that pitted two models against each other.
“The socialist model is the only one, not the neoliberal model that wants to come and privatize everything,” he said to jeers from opposition lawmakers.
“You will have to come and overthrow me if you want to pass a privatization law. No, no and no!”
Dressed in his red, yellow and blue presidential sash, Maduro periodically sipped from a white coffee cup, as his mentor, late leftist firebrand Hugo Chavez, used to do.
At other points, Maduro sounded a more conciliatory note, saying he was ready for dialogue.
Addressing the issue of what the opposition calls political prisoners from within its ranks—one of its most acrimonious disputes with Maduro—the president said: “We are ready and willing to talk about this and any other issue necessary to discuss for the peace that Venezuela demands of us.”
National Assembly speaker Henry Ramos Allup, a fierce Maduro opponent, delivered a scathing rebuttal to his address.
“For 17 years, we’ve followed a wrong-headed economic model. Here are the numbers to prove it,” he said, referring to the new statistics.
Venezuela has the world’s biggest known oil reserves, but the current price slide has slashed its revenues, straining Maduro’s policies of oil-fueled social spending.