Saturday, April 17, 2021

Why some kids are smaller than their peers


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You have followed every tip in the book — from breastfeeding your children to serving nutrient-rich meals. Also, besides the occasional colds and coughs, they haven’t been seriously ill. But why are your kids still small?

Top hospital in the Philippines Makati Medical Center (MakatiMed), through its Department of Pediatrics, identifies possible causes why a child has lower-than-normal weight and height, as well as healthy ways to help her or him grow.

To start with, how do you know if your kids are underweight or even shorter than children their age? Your child’s pediatrician determines his/her height, weight, and Body Mass Index or his/her weight-for-height plotted in the appropriate chart for age and gender.

Visually, do you notice other things apart from their skinny frame? Are they smaller than most of their peers? Did they suddenly lose a lot of weight? Are they weak or get fatigue easily? Do they have difficulty concentrating in class? These cues suggest that them being small and underweight may be a symptom of an underlying medical condition.

A child may appear smaller than normal due to genetics, activeness in sports and disease.

According to Dr. Maria Imelda Belen Vitug-Sales, pediatric gastroenterologist, a child may appear smaller than normal due to any of the following:

Genetics. Do you come from a family with a lean frame? Then most likely your child may have inherited the same body type.

Sports. Kids active in sports tend to be leaner than their sedentary peers.


Disease. Diabetes, thyroid disease, Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia, distorted body image), inflammatory bowel disease, tuberculosis, and other medical conditions could affect your child’s weight, appetite, ability to digest food, or absorb its nutrients. Medication for these diseases can also contribute to poor weight gain.

To help him grow the healthy way, Dr. Vitug-Sales recommends the following:

Introduce nutrient dense high caloric food. Good-quality calories, that is. Avocados and nuts are not only yummy but they’re also rich sources of fat. Eggs, milk, cheese and hummus are tasty and protein-rich. Cereal, corn and sweet potato are delicious and filling forms of carbohydrates.

Make mealtimes enjoyable. Ask your kids to choose their plates, utensils and drinking glasses. Also, get them involved in planning the menu for their meals. More importantly, don’t force feed or watch them like a hawk and comment at every bite they take. Mealtimes should be an enjoyable and relaxing family affair; when they are stressful occasions with high expectations, they kill anyone’s appetite.

Let nature take its course. It may just be a phase. However, your pediatrician may have to rule out red flags that could point out to a possible pre-existing health condition. Prepare fun and diverse meals that are appropriate for their age and get them into physical activities to stimulate their appetite.

In time, and with the help of your child’s pediatrician, he or she will grow in a healthy manner Making a choice between paint or wallpaper

Do you think that the walls of your home need color? Do they not match your exuberant personality? It can be super-tempting to pick up a can of paint and begin a weekend painting project. But, before you start, you have to consider the option of wallpaper as well.

To make certain that the walls of your home look beautiful and stylish, you will have to make quick and strong decisions. The color of the walls, the texture and the budget of the project will require your attention. Arguably, the very first thing you need to choose is between a wallpaper and a can of paint.

Who doesn’t love to live in a beautiful home that reflects their personal style and beauty? But, you have to see all aspects before choosing your approach how to enhance your home.

The current situation
Every wall is different and you need to consider the prep work required for your home before making a decision. If the wall is brand new, the decision becomes fairly simple. You just have to follow your gut. On the other hand, does the wall have a coat of paint or wallpaper on it? In case of removable wallpaper, the work will be almost negligent. But, traditional wallpaper may take some time and expertise. And, if you need to remove existing paint from the wall, it can mean stripping of the paint with a scraper or a liquid paint stripper which is a time-consuming and messy affair.

Consider prep work
Printed wallpapers hide imperfections. So, if the wall is in a good condition, use the wallpaper. You may still need to prime the walls to create a blank canvas. But, large holes may demand proper filling and sanding. Also, the type of wallpaper you buy will affect the prep work. Pre-pasted wallpapers may seem costly but they make installation quick. If you are inclined to paint a room, remember that paint is not forgiving. Any problem with the wall will be easy visible. So, choose the paint option if you are ready to spend an additional day on repairing the wall and making it perfect.

Cost is a primary concern
When it comes to upfront costs, paint wins the race. Wallpapers are known to be expensive because of their versatility and requirement of professional installers to do the job. But, it doesn’t mean that you should discard the idea of wallpaper. A high-traffic zone may require lot of paint touch-ups and increase your cost. In the long run, wallpapers are more durable.

If you choose an expensive paint or wallpaper, the cost can quickly increase. So, consider your budget and available options in the market.

The tale of textures
In the olden days, homeowners preferred wallpapers so that they could experiment with different textures and add a dimension to the walls. It was an easy decision. If anyone wanted simple walls with solid color, they preferred painting them. And, if someone was looking for prints, stripes and designs, they purchased wallpapers.

But, with wide availability of modern paint colors and innovative techniques, you can use paint to create diverse designs. Nowadays, big painting companies have a team of color consultants and artists who can create any design and paint unique patterns and scenes that depict garden, beach, sunrise or anything else to suit your desire.

Still cannot make a decision? Here are a few quick tips to make the right decision:

1. If you are allergic to paint fumes and they cause severe headache and nausea, consider choosing wallpaper. Avoid painting your home unless absolutely necessary.

2. If you live in a humid climate, wallpapers can give you more problems than pleasures. The adhesive may lose its power and the wallpaper may come out.

3. Wallpaper can last for many years if you protect it from tears. Paint doesn’t need that kind of attention but you need to redo the painting work every five years.

4. If you are using quality paint, cleaning it will become easy. You can find many waterproof, eco-friendly home paint brands available in the market.

5. Painting a wall can take time because you may need to apply multiple coats. Alternatively, installing wallpaper is quick and easy.

6. If you are going to change your home soon, opt for removable wallpaper that you can take with you whenever you leave.

7. Wallpaper is not ideal for kitchens and bathrooms as the steam and water will ruin the paper.

If you live in a rental home, you may not be allowed to paint the walls. So, discuss it with your landlord.

In conclusion, wallpaper and paint are both great decorating options for your home. With modern innovation, you can obtain them at affordable cost and still enjoy impressive results.

No matter what option you choose, do not cut corners. Trying to opt for cheaper material will not give you the desired results. And, if you are confused about making the decision,you can always hire professional painters.

Source: and develop into their appropriate weight and height.



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