32 C
Manila
Sunday, March 29, 2020
Home News World India’s $800-million firecracker industry hit by anti-pollution drive

India’s $800-million firecracker industry hit by anti-pollution drive

SIVAKASI, India: With thousands of workers painstakingly handmaking vast volumes of firecrackers, Sivakasi in southern India is usually at full tilt before Diwali. But due to efforts to curb air pollution, the pyrotechnics epicenter is fizzling out.

In addition to gifts, elaborate feasts and family get-togethers, the Hindu mega-festival of lights, which falls this weekend, has in recent years also meant setting off firecrackers — millions of them.

Their smoke combines with other emissions to turn the air of India’s cities — among the world’s most polluted — into a deadly, sickly yellow cocktail that one study says kills a million Indians prematurely every year.


IN DANGER A worker lays firecrackers in an outdoor yard at a manufacturing unit involved in the production of different varieties of firecrackers ahead of the Hindu festival of Diwali. With efforts to curb air pollution, India’s $800-million pyrotechnics epicenter is fizzling out. AFP PHOTO

Just before Diwali last year, India’s top court ruled only “green crackers” that emit fewer pollutants could be used.

But although the police tried to enforce the new rules, most people set off the old type regardless.

Confusion still surrounds the regulations, but signs in Sivakasi district, which in past years supplied 90 to 95 percent of India’s firecrackers with revenues of around $800 million, suggest the 2019 blowout will be quieter.

“Usually after Diwali the people come to us and place orders for the next Diwali and even give some advance payment,” said D Mathan, director of Lima Fireworks, one of around 1,000 manufacturers in Sivakasi.

“It didn’t happen this time around,” he told the Agence France-Presse (AFP). Production at his company has plunged almost 60 percent.

The industry is the biggest local job creator, directly or indirectly employing hundreds of thousands of people, many of them uneducated women, churning out boxes of crackers with names like “Napoleon Total War”.

Now many do not know what they will do.

“Some people migrated to other jobs like daily wage labourers, farm labourers and construction workers,” Arvind Kumar, a factory employee in the district in Tamil Nadu state, told AFP.

Many producers switched to manufacturing the “green crackers” after receiving training and assistance from the government. But being more expensive, sales have been slow.

G Karuppasamy, 65, a Sivakasi firecracker shopkeeper and wholesaler, told AFP sales had slumped almost 50 percent, as orders from around India have dried up.

“Authorities talk about pollution but we don’t pollute much compared to others. And one day doesn’t make a difference for the rest of the year,” he said.

AFP

Laguna under total lockdown

THE Laguna provincial government announced on Saturday that it was now under total lockdown due to the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Gov....

PH Covid-19 cases breach 1,000 mark, death toll rises to 68

THE number of coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) cases breached the 1,000 mark, with 272 new infections and 68 deaths, the Department of Health (DoH)...

Lacson urges Covid-19 patients to come out

A lawmaker has appealed to Filipinos who were directly exposed and symptomatic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) to voluntarily and publicly declare their...

PNP assures unhampered passage of food, commodities

The Philippine National Police (PNP) has assured that it would not block the passage of all deliveries of foods and commodities, according to its...

Iza Calzado tests positive for Covid-19 but in recovery, says manager

JUST three days after Iza Calzado posted on Instagram that she has been confined in a hospital due to pneumonia, her manager Noel Ferrer...

Today's Front Page