AS we age, our urinary functions may change. The kidney’s filtering capacity, as well as the bladder’s storage capacity may decrease. Bladder muscles may also weaken. Blockage of the urethra, the tube where the urine passes through during urination may also occur. These may result in kidney and bladder problems, and here are the four common types you should know:
Urinary incontinence – The loss or decreased ability to hold urine caused by weakened urethral sphincter, the muscles used to control the exit of the urine.
Urinary retention – The inability to completely empty the bladder, there are two general types of urinary retention: obstructive and non-obstructive. Obstructions like kidney stones and enlarged prostate block the urine from flowing freely.
Urinary tract infection or UTI – This is an infection in any part of the urinary system: kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Most of the infections are found in the lower urinary tract, the bladder, and the urethra. While men are also at risk, women are more prone to UTI because women have a shorter urethra than men which allows bacteria to reach their bladder quicker than men’s. Blockages in the urinary tract caused by kidney stones or enlarged prostate retain urine in the bladder that heightens the risk of UTI.
Chronic kidney disease – This means that the kidneys are damaged categorized as mild, moderate, severe, and end-stage. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are the most common causes of kidney disease.
While these conditions cause discomfort, embarrassment, and long-term health problems, the good news is it can be managed. Phil.-US Dietitian-nutritionist Cheshire Que shares these four tactics that bear repeating because when it comes to healthy habits, we always go back to the basics: be physically active, keep hydrated, clean correctly and watch what you eat.
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