CAIRO: As Egypt flexes its muscle with threats to intervene in Libya’s civil war, its President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has sought to join forces with some of the neighboring country’s powerful tribes.

Cairo hopes the alliances would boost its legitimacy if it were to wade into the battlefield against forces backed by regional rival Turkey, and give it a local partner aside from the volatile strongman Khalifa Haftar, analysts say.

Benghazi, Libya: In this file photo taken on July 5, 2020, a supporter of Libyan military strongman Khalifa Haftar takes part in a gathering in the eastern Libyan port city of Benghazi to protest against Turkish intervention in the country's affairs. As Egypt flexes its muscle with threats to intervene in Libya's civil war, its President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has sought to join forces with some of the neighbouring country's powerful tribes. AFP FILE PHOTO

Last month, Sisi hosted Libya’s Supreme Tribal Council, its sheikhs and elders dressed in white turbans and robes, at a conference in a Cairo hotel organized by Egyptian intelligence agencies.

For many of Libya’s tribal leaders, Egypt offers a “lifeline” of support, said Abdelsalam Bohraqa al-Jarrari, a tribal elder from Tarhuna, south of the capital Tripoli.

“We want a complete military intervention -- air and ground support,” he told Agence France-Presse (AFP) after meeting with Sisi, claiming that preparation had already begun along the Libyan-Egyptian border.

“We want new and advanced weaponry,” he said. Libya’s patchwork of tribes—including the Warfalla, Tuareg, Berber and other ethnicities—command powerful loyalty and have in the past fought against Ottoman and European colonizers.

Some of them support the UN-recognized and Turkish-backed Government of National Accord (GNA), based in Tripoli in the west, which made a series of battlefield gains against Haftar earlier this year.

But many powerful tribes back Haftar, who is based in the eastern city of Benghazi and enjoys the support of Egypt as well as the UAE, Russia and other powers.

Traditional tribal leaders are seen as having greater influence in the Haftar-controlled, rural east than the more densely populated and urban west of Libya.

Haftar had spent 14 months trying to seize Tripoli before his forces suffered a string of defeats in early summer—among them tribal fighters proud of their battlefield prowess.

“We have men who can eat rocks and spit them out,” said Arafallah Daynoum Hurra, of Libya’s Al-Barasa tribe in the eastern Al-Bayda region.

But, he explained, “we’re in an uneven battle and that’s why we retreated.” The frontline is now halfway between the capital and Haftar’s stronghold Benghazi, just west of the central Mediterranean coastal city of Sirte.

Sirte is the strategic gateway to Libya’s main oil fields and export terminals, and to the key Al-Jufra airbase to the south.

It is also a symbolic site as the hometown of former dictator Moamer Kadhafi, whose 2011 overthrow and killing in a NATO-backed uprising threw the country into chaos.

For now, fighting has stalled in what German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas this week called a “deceptive calm”, with arms and mercenaries still flooding into the county.

Western powers, fearing that a GNA attack on Sirte would raise the prospect of direct clashes between regional heavyweights Turkey and Egypt, have called for renewed peace efforts.

Sisi has vowed not to let GNA forces take Sirte—although Cairo has since also stressed it is open to peace initiatives through dialogue.

The head of Libya’s Supreme Tribal Council, Saleh al-Fandi, said the tribes stand firmly with Haftar and Egypt.