Rich nations, representing a fraction of the global population, had already bought up over half the promised coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) vaccine stocks, a study showed, as United States President Donald Trump pledged to begin inoculating Americans within weeks.
Big pharma is racing to produce an effective jab to counter a virus that has now killed more than 935,000 people around the world and infected almost 30 million.
European Union (EU) chief Ursula von der Leyen on Wednesday warned against “vaccine nationalism” that she said could put lives at risk by depriving the most vulnerable in poorer nations of immunity.
But a study released by Oxfam showed a group of wealthy countries representing just 13 percent of the world population had already secured the lion’s share of doses.
“Access to a life-saving vaccine shouldn’t depend on where you live or how much money you have,” said Robert Silverman of Oxfam America. “Covid-19 anywhere is Covid-19 everywhere.”
The five leading vaccine candidates currently in late-stage trials would be able to supply 5.9 billion doses, enough to inoculate about 3 billion people, the Oxfam report said.
Some 51 percent of those jabs have been snapped up by the wealthy world, including the US, Britain, the EU, Australia, Hong Kong and Macau, Japan, Switzerland, and Israel.
The remaining 2.6 billion have been bought by or promised to developing countries including India, Bangladesh, China, Brazil, Indonesia and Mexico.
Trump on Wednesday said he would begin rolling out a vaccine in America as soon as next month, contradicting doubts expressed by a top health expert in his administration who said a jab was unlikely to be widely available until mid-2021.
“We’re very close to that vaccine as you know…We think we can start sometime in October” or shortly thereafter, Trump said.
Democrats have expressed concern that Trump is pressuring government health regulators and scientists to approve a rushed vaccine in time to help his uphill bid for reelection in early November.
“We’re within weeks of getting it, you know — could be three weeks, four weeks,” the president told a town hall session with voters in Pennsylvania Tuesday.
But in an implicit swipe at Trump’s America First approach to the pandemic, von der Leyen said Europe would support multilateral bodies such as the World Health Organization with its attempts at a more equitable rollout.
“None of us will be safe until all of us are safe — wherever we live, whatever we have,” she added. “Vaccine nationalism puts lives at risk. Vaccine cooperation saves them.”
‘Going hard and early’
The global economy has been devastated by the pandemic, with many nations still maintaining restrictions on their populations to contain fresh outbreaks.
New Zealand was added to the list of economic casualties on Thursday when it reported it had plunged into recession for the first time in a decade.
The country posted a record contraction of 12.2 percent for the April-June quarter, which coincided with a strict lockdown from March to May.