SIGNING is a free and voluntary act of a natural person to demonstrate his agreement with the contents of a document or to attest to the truthfulness of certain facts written in a document or to freely signify that he witnessed another person sign a document or other events.

One of the requirements that an automated election system must have is the capacity for the members of the board of election inspectors, renamed electoral board, to digitally sign the election returns generated by the vote counting machine and members of the board of canvassers to affix their digital signatures on the certificates of canvass generated by the canvassing and consolidation system (CCS).

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